EU member states nationals and their family members intending to work in Lithuania under an employment contract do not need to obtain a work permit. They can take part in recruitment procedures and find jobs under the same conditions as Lithuanian nationals.
According to the data provided by the Lithuanian Employment Service, the most in-demand specialties in the country are the following:
- Specialists: advertising and marketing professionals, administrators and executive secretaries, accountants, teachers, doctors and nursing professionals, sales representatives, application developers, construction managers.
- Skilled workers and service sector workers: heavy truck and lorry drivers, cooks, car, taxi and van drivers, painters and workers of related professions, tailors, hatters and furriers, builders, concrete placers, concrete finishers and related workers, plumbers and pipe fitters, electricians, welders.
- Unskilled workers: loaders, cleaners, maids and helpers in offices, hotels and other establishments, manufacturing labourers, low-skilled engineering construction workers, packers (by hand), unskilled mixed crop and livestock farm workers, shelf-stackers, launderers and levellers (by hand), unskilled forestry workers, kitchen helpers.
The most comprehensive database for jobs and related services in Lithuania is available at Employment Service database www.uzt.lt. We also recommend other useful links for the job search on the internet: www.cv.lt, www.cvonline.lt, www.cvmarket.lt, www.cvbankas.lt, www.afr.lt and www.workinlithuania.lt
Job vacancy advertisements can also be found in the media. Ads are placed in job advertising publications, national daily newspapers and the local press. Job seekers may also place their own ads in the press, indicating their qualifications, work experience and the type of job they are seeking.
Generally speaking, job seekers must: submit a curriculum vitae (CV) and a covering letter, sit selection tests and go for an interview with the employer. These requirements obviously do not apply to those looking for manual work, for which a CV and an interview or just an interview generally suffice. A curriculum vitae is one of the important ways of presenting oneself to a prospective employer. Those who screen incoming CVs do not generally have much time to spend on each one, so it is very important that the CV is drawn up properly, that the information it contains is structured and clearly presented and that there are no grammatical errors. There are no hard-and-fast rules for writing a CV, though it must contain: personal data, contact details, a description of the applicant’s work experience, education, skills and abilities, hobbies and references.
The CV should also contain the contact details of the persons whose good references may help you get the job. It should be emphasised that the European CV, the single European form for a curriculum vitae known as the Europass CV, is gaining in popularity in Lithuania. The covering letter should contain: a brief presentation of yourself, an explanation as to why you are interested in the job and the company, why you are the right person for the job and an indication as to how you might contribute to the success of the company. The covering letter should be convincing. List all the qualities and skills that make you right for the job, remembering to back up your claims with facts. Do not simply rehash what you have written in your CV. The covering letter should be used to expound on the facts mentioned in the CV and to provide more information about yourself. Finally, the covering letter should fit onto a single sheet of A4. The job interview is a two-way dialogue allowing the employer to gauge whether the potential employee will be suitable and the candidate to decide whether he or she wants to pursue a career with that particular employer.
You can compose your CV at: https://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/editors/en/cv/compose
Employment in Lithuania requires formal employment contract. Employment contract usually includes:
- The employee’s place of work (enterprise, establishment, organisation, structural subdivision, etc.);
- Job functions’ description;
- Job requirements, such as profession, speciality, qualifications; and
- Specific duties.
In every employment contract, the parties must agree on the conditions of remuneration for work (system of remuneration for work, amount of wages, payment procedure, etc.). Other conditions of an employment contract may be established by the agreement between the parties unless labour laws, other regulatory acts or the collective agreement prohibit doing so (trial, combination of professions, liability, etc.).
In Lithuania, working time cannot exceed 40 hours per week.
Working hours should not exceed 8 hours per day. The maximum number of working hours over seven days, including overtime, should not exceed 48 hours (which may be extended up to 60 hours per week for employees working under more than one work contract) and 12 working hours per day. A five-day working week is standard, but it may be extended to a six-day working week. Overtime must not exceed 12 hours in seven consecutive days and 180 hours per year.
For certain categories of workers, including doctors, nurses, carers, workers in children’s homes, energy and other services who are on duty without a break, working hours can be up to 24 hours a day and the time off between working days cannot be shorter than 24 hours.
For workers whose job involves significant mental or emotional stress, the procedure for the shortening of working time is determined by the Government.
The largest supply of workers is likely to be in the services sector. For recruitment purposes, use can be made of the electronic services provided by the Employment Service at www.uzt.lt. Employers can also take advantage of labour fairs held at Client Service Departments of the Employment Service, which are attended by job seekers registered with the Employment Service and so select suitable employees. In addition, there are various active labour market policy schemes designed to help employers find suitable candidates to fill vacancies.
Job seekers with the following professional qualifications are least likely to find work this year: specialists – translators, interpreters and other linguists, interior designers and decorators, lawyers, legal and related associate professionals, and journalists; skilled workers – security guards, cosmetologists, hairdressers, car, taxi and van drivers, beauticians and related workers, florists.
Employee search can be conducted at the website of the Employment Service at www.uzt.lt.
EURES is a cooperation network designed to facilitate the free movement of workers within the EU 28 countries plus Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. EURES provides online services on www.eures.europa.eu and face-to-face consultations through a network of around 1000 EURES advisers across Europe.
The EURES Advisers of Lithuania are ready to provide information and advice at any stage of your job search and moving process. With specialised expertise in the practical, legal and administrative aspects of European labour mobility, they can:
- Recommend interesting opportunities based on your profile and even seek to match your profile with a suitable employer in Lithuania;
- Assist you with your job application and pass on your CV to potential employers;
- Give you information on the living and working conditions in your country of destination; and
- Help you get started in your new country by providing information on accommodation, social security, taxes and on schools and healthcare for your family, if relevant.
Upon arrival in Lithuania, make sure you have the following:
- A valid passport or identity card;
- Your CV (English and/or Lithuanian advisable);
- Copies of diplomas and certificates attesting to your qualifications along with translations into Lithuanian;
- References from your former employers (if any), with translations into Lithuanian;
- European Health Insurance Card;
- A copy of your marriage certificate with a translation into Lithuanian;
- Copies of your children’s birth certificates with translations into Lithuanian.
Prior to arrival in Lithuania, it is recommended:
- To contact local and social security services and tax offices to find out how moving to Lithuania will affect your tax and benefit situation, and obtain appropriate documents;
- To obtain U1 document form Public Employment Services;
- To obtain U2 document from Public Employment Services (if you are receiving unemployment benefit);
- Having sufficient funds to live on for at least one month.
- Obtain a certificate to confirm the right to reside in the Republic of Lithuania if you are planning to stay in Lithuania for longer than three months within a six-month period
- Declare a place of residence in Lithuania
- Ensure that you have taken care of the compulsory health insurance
- Choose a health care institution
- Contact the Centre for Quality Assessment in Higher Education for academic recognition of foreign qualifications
- Open a bank account by signing bank account agreement at any bank’s customer service office
© Employment Services Under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania
Geležinio Vilko str. 3A, LT-03131, Vilnius
Legal entity code: 190766619
Phone 1883 or (+370) 5 250 0883
Fax.: (8 5) 236 0788, (8 5) 274 5883
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Quoting is authorized with appropriate reference.