EU member states citizens and their family members intending to work in Lithuania under an employment contract do not need to obtain a work permit. They can take part in recruitment procedures and find jobs under the same conditions as Lithuanian citizens.
According to the data provided by the Lithuanian Employment Service, the most in-demand professions in the country are the following:
- Specialists: advertising and marketing professionals, teachers, doctors and nursing professionals, sales representatives, application developers, system administrators, engineers, construction managers.
- Skilled workers and service sector workers: heavy truck and lorry drivers, cooks, car, taxi and van drivers, painters and workers of related professions, tailors, builders, concrete placers, concrete finishers and related workers, plumbers and pipe fitters, electricians, welders.
- Unskilled workers: loaders, cleaners, maids and helpers in offices, hotels and other establishments, manufacturing workers, low-skilled engineering construction workers, packers (by hand), shelf-stackers, launderers and levellers (by hand), unskilled forestry workers, kitchen helpers.
The most comprehensive database for jobs and related services in Lithuania is available at Employment Service database www.uzt.lt. We also recommend other useful links for the job search on the internet: www.cv.lt, www.cvonline.lt, www.cvmarket.lt, www.cvbankas.lt, www.afr.lt and www.workinlithuania.lt
Job vacancy advertisements can also be found in the media. Ads are placed in job advertising publications, national daily newspapers and the local press. Jobseekers may also place their own announcements in the press, indicating their qualifications, work experience and the type of job they are seeking.
Generally speaking, jobseekers must: submit a curriculum vitae (CV) and a cover letter, and, after successful selection procedure, go for an interview with the employer. These requirements do not apply to those who are looking for manual work, for which a CV and an interview or just an interview are generally sufficient. A curriculum vitae is one of the most important ways of presenting oneself to a potential employer. Those who are screening incoming CVs, usually do not have much time for each one, therefore, it is very important that CV is properly tailored, that the information it contains is structured and clearly presented and that there are no grammatical errors. There are no hard-and-fast rules for writing a CV, though it must contain: personal data, contact details, a description of the applicant’s work experience, education, skills and abilities and hobbies.
A CV should also contain the contact details of the persons whose good references may help you to get the job. The best-known CV format in Europe, called Europass CV, is increasingly popular in Lithuania. A cover letter should contain: a brief presentation of yourself, an explanation why you are interested in the job and the company, why you are the right person for the job and an indication how you might contribute to the success of the company. A cover letter should be convincing. List all the qualities and skills that make you right for the job and remember to back up your claims with facts. Do not simply repeat what you have written in your CV. A cover letter should be used to expound the facts mentioned in a CV and to provide more information about yourself. Finally, a cover letter should fit onto a single sheet of A4. The job interview is a two-way dialogue allowing the employer to gauge whether the potential employee will be suitable and the candidate to decide whether he or she wants to pursue a career with that particular employer.
You can compose your CV at: https://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/editors/en/cv/compose
Employment in Lithuania requires formal employment contract. Employment contract usually includes:
- The employee’s place of work (enterprise, establishment, organisation, structural subdivision, etc.);
- Job functions’ description;
- Job requirements, such as experience, speciality, qualifications;
- Specific duties.
In every employment contract, the parties must agree on the conditions of a salary (system of a salary for work, amount of taxes, payment procedure, etc.). Other conditions of an employment contract may be established by the agreement between the parties, unless labour laws, other regulatory acts or the collective agreement prohibit doing so (trial, combination of professions, liability, etc.).
In Lithuania, working time cannot exceed 40 hours per week.
Working hours should not exceed 8 hours per day. The maximum number of working hours over seven days, including overtime, should not exceed 48 hours (which may be extended up to 60 hours per week for employees working under more than one work contract) and 12 working hours per day. A five-day working week is standard, but it may be extended to a six-day working week. Overtime must not exceed 12 hours in seven consecutive days and 180 hours per year.
For certain categories of workers, including doctors, nurses, carers, workers in children’s homes, energy and other service providers who are on duty without a break, working hours can be up to 24 hours a day and the time off between working days cannot be shorter than 24 hours.
For workers whose job involves significant mental or emotional stress, the procedure for shortening the working time is determined by the Government.
The largest supply of workers is likely to be in the services sector. For recruitment purposes, it can be useful to take advantage of the electronic services provided by the Employment Service at www.uzt.lt. Employers usually make use of labour fairs held at Client Service Departments of the Employment Service, which are attended by jobseekers who are registered with the Employment Service. It allows employers to select suitable employees.
Jobseekers with the following professional qualifications are least likely to find a job in Lithuania this year: specialists – translators, interpreters and other linguists, librarians, insurance agents, interior designers and decorators, legal and related associate professionals, journalists; skilled workers – security guards, cosmetologists, hairdressers, beauticians and related workers, florists and gardeners.
Employee search can be conducted at the website of the Employment Service at www.uzt.lt.
EURES is a cooperation network designed to facilitate the free movement of workers within the EU countries plus Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. EURES provides online services on www.eures.europa.eu and face-to-face consultations through a network of around 1000 EURES advisers across Europe.
The EURES Advisers of Lithuania are ready to provide information and advice at any stage of your job search and moving process. With specialised expertise in the practical, legal and administrative aspects of European labour mobility, they can:
- Recommend interesting opportunities based on your profile and even seek to match your profile with a suitable employer in Lithuania;
- Assist you with your job application and pass on your CV to potential employers;
- Give you information on the living and working conditions in Lithuania;
- Help you get started in your new country by providing information on accommodation, social security, taxes, schools and healthcare for your family, if relevant.
Upon arrival in Lithuania, make sure you have the following:
- A valid passport or identity card;
- Your CV (English and/or Lithuanian advisable);
- Copies of diplomas and certificates attesting to your qualifications along with translations into Lithuanian;
- References from your former employers (if any), with translations into Lithuanian;
- European Health Insurance Card;
- A copy of your marriage certificate with a translation into Lithuanian;
- Copies of your children’s birth certificates with translations into Lithuanian.
Prior to arrival in Lithuania, it is recommended:
- To contact local and social security services and tax offices to find out how moving to Lithuania will affect your tax and benefit situation, and obtain appropriate documents;
- To obtain U1 document from Public Employment Services;
- To obtain U2 document from Public Employment Services (if you are receiving unemployment benefit);
- Having sufficient funds to live on for at least one month.
- Obtain a certificate to confirm the right to reside in the Republic of Lithuania if you are planning to stay in Lithuania for longer than three months within a six-month period
- Declare a place of residence in Lithuania
- Ensure that you have taken care of the compulsory health insurance
- Choose a health care institution
- Contact the Centre for Quality Assessment in Higher Education for academic recognition of foreign qualifications
- Open a bank account by signing bank account agreement at any bank’s customer service office
© Employment Service Under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania
Geležinio Vilko str. 3A, LT-03131, Vilnius
Legal entity code: 190766619
Phone 1883 or (+370) 5 250 0883
Fax.: (8 5) 236 0788, (8 5) 274 5883
Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Quoting is authorized with appropriate reference.